Area: 29,157 square miles
Capital: Panama City
Languages: Spanish is the official language; English and Panamanian are also spoken.
Ethnicity: Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 70%, Amerindian and mixed (West Indian) 14%, white 10%, Amerindian 6%
Location: Panama is bordered by Costa Rica and Colombia.
Geography: Panama is a west-to-east S-shaped isthmus. At its narrowest point, it is about 40 miles wide. A mountain range, the Cordillera Central, runs down its center.
Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant 15%
Time zone: Panama is on Eastern Standard Time. When it is 6am in New York, it is 6am in Panama City.