Area: 3,854,085 square miles
Languages: English and French are the official languages.
Ethnicity: Canadian 32%, English 21%, French 15.8%, Scottish 15.1%, Irish 13.9%,
German 10.2%, Italian 4.6%, Chinese 4.3%, First Nations 4.0%, Ukrainian 3.9%, and Dutch 3.3%
Location: Canada is bordered by the United States, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, and Arctic Ocean.
Geography: Since the last ice age, Canada has consisted of eight distinct forest regions, including extensive boreal forest. Canada has more lakes than any other country, containing much of the world's fresh water. There are also fresh-water glaciers in the Canadian Rockies and the Coast Mountains. Canada is geologically active, having many earthquakes and potentially active volcanoes. Canada also has the longest coastline in the world at 125,570 miles.
Population (2011 estimate): 34,573,000
Religion: Christian 77.1%, no religious affiliation 16.5%, Islam 2.0%, Judaism 1.1%, other 3.2%
Time Zone: Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island are on Atlantic Standard Time, one hour ahead of U.S. EST. British Columbia is on Pacific Standard Time, three hours behind U.S. EST. Alberta is on Mountain Time, two hours behind U.S EST. When it is 6am in New York, it is 6am in Ottawa.