Area: 5,450 square miles
Capital: Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom, whose national capital is London
Ethnicity: Northern Irish-born 91%, UK or Republic of Ireland born: 7.2%, Other: 1.8%
Location: Consists of the six counties of Ulster, occupying the northeastern corner of the island of Ireland.
Geography: Northern Ireland was covered by an ice sheet for most of the last ice age, the legacy of which can be seen in the extensive number of drumlins in Counties Fermanagh, Armagh, Antrim and particularly Down. The centerpiece of Northern Ireland's geography is Lough Neagh, the largest freshwater lake in the British Isles at 151 square miles. The north Antrim coast features the eerily geometric pillars of the Giant's Causeway, created by ancient volcanic activity.
Population (2005 estimate): 1,685,267
Protestant (mostly Presbyterian) 51%, Roman Catholic 38 %, none or unknown 11 %
Time zone: Northern Ireland is five hours ahead of U.S. EST. When it is 6am in New York, it is 11am in Northern Ireland.