Area: 42,042 sq miles
Capital: Guatemala City
Languages: Spanish is the official language of Guatemala; 23 Amerindian languages (including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca) are also spoken.
Ethnicity: Mestizo, European, K’iche, Kaqchikel, Mam, Q’eqchi, and indigenous.
Location: Guatemala is bordered by El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Belize, the Pacific Ocean, and the Gulf of Honduras.
Geography: Located in Central America between the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Hounduras, Guatemala is mountainous in the interior with plains along the coast.
Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Mayan beliefs
Time zone: Guatemala is on Central Standard Time, one hour behind U.S. EST. When it is 6am in New York, it is 5am in Guatemala City.