Area: 145,874 square miles
Languages: Japanese is the official language of Japan.
Ethnicity: Japanese (99.4%), other (0.6%, mostly Korean)
Location: An archipelago extending in an arc more than 1,744 miles from northeast to southwest in the Pacific Ocean, Japan is separated from the east coast of Asia by the Sea of Japan.
Geography: The Sea of Japan separates Japan from the east coast of Asia. Japan consists of four major islands: Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku. The Kurils to the northeast of the main islands are now occupied by Russia and subject to dispute. About 60% of Japan is mountain terrain, and the country is blessed with beautiful and varied landscape as well as lush greenery.
Population (2007 estimate): 127,433,494
Religion: Observe both Shinto and Buddhist 84%, other 16% (including Christian 0.7%)
Time Zone: Japan is on Japan Standard Time, 14 hours ahead of U.S. EST. When it is 6am in New York, it is 8pm in Tokyo.