Area: 19,741 square miles
Languages: Bosnian and Croatian are the official languages; Serbian is also spoken.
Ethnicity: Bosniak 48%, Serb 37.1%, Croat 14.3%, other 0.6%
Location: Bosnia is bordered by Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro.
Geography: Bosnia and Herzegovina is mostly mountainous, encompassing the central Dinaric Alps. The northeastern parts reach into the Pannonian basin, while in the south it almost borders the Adriatic. The country has only 12 miles of coastline, around the town of Neum in the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton, although it’s enclosed within Croatian territory.
Religions: Muslim 40%, Orthodox 31%, Roman Catholic 15%, other 14%
Time zone: Bosnia and Herzegovina is on Central European Time, which is six hours ahead of U.S. EST. When it is 6am in New York, it is noon in Sarajevo.