Area: 261,227 square miles
Capital: Nay Pyi Taw
Languages: Burmese is the official language; ethnic and regional dialects are also spoken.
Ethnicities: Burman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Mon 2%, Indian 2%, other 5%
Location: Burma is bordered by India, China, Laos, Thailand, and the Andaman Sea.
Geography: Burma's terrain is dominated by steep, rugged highlands that ring the central lowlands. Through the lowlands flows Burma’s major river, the Irrawaddy, which empties into the Andaman Sea through a large delta covering over 63 million acres. Although the administrative capital is Nay Pyi Taw, the two largest cities in Burma are actually Rangoon (pop. 5.5 million) and Mandalay (pop. 1.2 million).
Religions: Buddhist 89%, Christian 4%, Muslim 4%, animist 1%, other 2%
Time Zone: Burma is on Myanmar Standard Time, 11.5 hours ahead of U.S. EST. When it is 6am in New York, it is 5:30pm in Nay Pyi Taw.