Area: 103,737 square miles
Ethnicity: European 67.6%, Maori 14.6%, Asian 9.2%, Pacific peoples 6.9%, other: 2.1%
Location: New Zealand, consisting of two main islands (the North Island and South Island, plus some smaller offshore isles), is situated about 1,250 miles southeast of Australia and surrounded by the South Pacific Ocean, the Tasman Sea, and the Southern Ocean.
Geography: The Cook Strait, a rather turbulent waterway, separates the North Island from the South Island. From tip to tip, the whole country measures about 1,000 miles. Despite its generous length, its widest point is only 174 miles across. The South Island is divided along its length by the Southern Alps and the Fiordland's steep mountains and deep fiords record the extensive ice age glaciation of its south-western corner. The North Island is less mountainous, but its geography is marked by ancient volcanic activity.
Population (2011 estimate): 4,400,000
Religions: Christian, 81%; none or unspecified, 18%; Hindu, Confucian, and other, 1%.
Time Zone: New Zealand is on New Zealand Standard Time, 17 hours ahead of U.S. EST. When it is 6am in New York, it is 10pm in Wellington.