Area: 116,305 square miles
Languages: Italian is the official language; French and English are also spoken.
Location: Italy is bordered by France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland, the Ligurian Sea, the Tyrrhenian Sea, the Ionian Sea, the Adriatic Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea.
Geography: Italy lies in southern Europe and includes the Mediterranean islands of Siciliy, Sardinia, and several other small islands. Campania (the region of Naples, Sorrento, and the Amalfi coast) has 220 miles of coastline and is on the southwestern side of the Italian peninsula. Its two famous gulfs, the Bay of Naples and Gulf of Salerno, are enclosed by picturesque promontories, including the Sorrento Peninsula. The region of Tuscany is a blend of rugged hills, fertile valleys, and long stretches of sandy beaches that curve along the west coast of central Italy and fringe the pine-forested coastal plain of the Maremma.
Population (2007 estimate): 58,145,321
Religion: Roman Catholic 98%, Other 2%
Time zone: Italy is on Central European Time, six hours ahead of U.S. EST. When it is 6am in New York, it is noon in Rome. Daylight Saving Time begins the last weekend in March and ends the last weekend in October.